Harmless and Benign Breast Abnormalities

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You may have experience or have the following symptoms:
– Do you feel lump, bulge or those hard areas in your breast?
– Do your have breast pain or feel painful when it is touched (become sensitive)?
– Does the breast pain (mastalgia) become stronger when you are in menstruation?
– Does the pain is continuous and not following the menstrual cycle?
– Do you need to eat medicine to get rid of the breast pain?
– Do your breast abnormalities affect your relationship with your husband?

If your answer is ‘yes’ to any of the questions above, then you might have a condition known as benign breast abnormalities (harmless).

If your answer is ‘yes’ to any of the questions above, then you might have a condition known as benign breast abnormalities (harmless). This situation is also known as fibrocystic breast disease, mammary dysplasia, benign breast disease or chronic cystic mastitis.

How often these harmless benign breast abnormalities happened?

Doctors have found many patients to experience this breast condition. Many women have tissue structure which allows this condition to happen. Therefore, this disease is the most frequent to happen to breast!

What are harmless or benign breast abnormalities?

These abnormalities are non cancerous disease which can happen on one or both sides of the breasts. It is usually identified by the presence of lump or liquid filled lump or cyst. It can happen in one side of the breasts or involving both breasts. It can emerge as only a lump or many liquid filled lumps (cysts). This lump may feel painful or only feel painful when it is touched. It also may disappear for a while and then resurface again.

Hormonal changes will cause these breast abnormalities to change, especially changes which are related with menstrual cycle. This abnormality can happen in all stages of age after presence of menstruation but it is more often in women between the age of 30 and the end of menstruation (menopause) age.

The abnormalities will become worse with the increase of age, where the hormone production and ovary have achieved its maximum level for a number of years. It will decline after menopause and most breast abnormalities will be gone in 1 or 2 years time, unless the woman received additional estrogen treatment. Some women will always have this cyst until their old age, no matter what treatments are given.

What causes these abnormalities?

Why this disease happened is yet to be known, but this condition is believed is due to the imbalance of the woman sexual hormone. It will not happen before the menstruation age and will decline after the menopausal age.

How do I know that I have it?

This abnormality is usually identified when the woman see a doctor for a test or when trying to get treatment because of pain or feel painful when being touched or when lump in breast is felt when doing self breast examination (SBE).

In this situation your doctor will do several tests or refer you to a specialist doctor. These tests are including radiology test such as mammograms or breast X-ray and ultrasound. Another test is by taking out the liquid and lump for laboratory examination by needle.

The specialist doctor may make a minor operation called biopsy where tissues and lumps will be taken for examination. If your lump is very large or shows suspicious characteristics, the specialist doctor may do an operation to remove the lump.

If the test result does not show cancer, your doctor will tell you the good news and advise you further. You should be calm while waiting the test result. It is a usual matter if you are advised to see your doctor each year or once in a few months. This depends on the received pathology result and symptoms that you experience although its diagnosis is not cancer.

What is the treatment for this disease?

If the pain is not too much, or just come for a few days in a month, most doctors will propose easy ways to treat it. Use good bra and wear loose clothes.

You may also be advised to reduce coffee, tea and cola intake where the caffeine content can worsen the condition. Control also your sugar content in foods. If the breast pain (mastalgia) is continuous, you may be given medicine to reduce liquid in the body (Diuretic) or pain killer medication.

‘Treatment’ mentioned above can only reduce the sense of pain for a mean time. When the breast pain (mastalgia) becomes stronger until it is restricting your physical activity (such as running, dancing or other exercises), more specialized treatment may be needed. These treatments include eating medicine that has been commonly used to give long-term pain killing effect at the abnormality condition areas. This medicine will reduce the hormone production where it will give your breast the opportunity to have a rest.

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