Glossary 1

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Cataract – an eye lens disease turning clear and transparent lens to become darkened and disturbing the eyesight.

Congenital – a nature or state which appears since birth, may be caused from genetic factor or other factor.

Amblyopia – lazy eyes condition, patient’s eyesight is unclear whereas the eye physical structure seems normal.

Retina – light sensitive layer of cells at the rear of eye ball which capture image seen to be process by the brain.

Hypoglycaemia – sugar (glucose) contents in the blood lower than normal.

Hyperglycaemia – sugar contents in blood higher than normal.

Hypocalcaemia – calcium contents in blood lower than normal.

Galactosemia – a rare genetic metabolic problem to be found, causing the sufferer to unable to use galactose type sugar.

Down Syndrome – a Trisomy 21 chromosome problem, which is the presence of three 21st chromosomes causing all sorts of growth problem and cognitive problem. This risk of the disease increases with mother’s age when pregnant.

Edward’s Syndrome – a Trisomy 18 chromosome problem, which is the presence of three 18th chromosomes that causes several health problems. Patient’s life span also critically low with only five to ten percent of this disease sufferer live after one-year being birth.

Patau’s Syndrome – a Trisomy 13 chromosome problem, which is the presence of three 13th chromosome disturbing patient growth and lower patient’s life span. The risk of the disease increases with mother’s age when she is pregnant.

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