What is depression?
- Depression is the most common form of emotional disorder. Depression actually is a common disease and more common than hypertension or diabetes.
- The prevalence rate of depression cases in lifetime in any country are between eight to 10 percent. Few researches by World Health Organization (WHO) and World Bank discover that depression is the fourth most serious disease in crippling peoples’ will in the world.
- This disorder is also the most common cause of death as a result of committing suicide. WHO estimated deaths resulted from suicide in the Asia Pacific region is higher than tuberculosis disease.
- Women have more tendency to be suffering depression over man with the ratio of 1:2.
- Some reports has revealed that about nine percent of Malaysians are patients who experience serious stage of depression.
- Similar with global statistics, depression is also the fourth serious disease in Malaysia. But if by gender fraction, it is the third place for women and 10th for man.
To diagnose depression, other medical problems that could cause symptoms must be taken out earlier from the patient.
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV (DSM-IV), depression diagnosis could only be done if there are at least five symptoms of depression which occurs for the period of two weeks. The presence and significant of these symptoms must be obvious to the level that it affects work and social aspects of a person.
The depression symptoms include:
- Negative emotions
- Anhedonia (Greek’s word meaning no enjoyment; cannot feel the pleasure of daily favored activity; lack of pleasure or of the capacity to experience it.)
- Reckless feeling
- Lost of interest and sense of fun
- Lost of interest for sexual relationship
- Feeling of sorrowfulness
- Tiredness and fatigue
- Dramatic lost of body weight and appetite
- Experiencing sleep disorder
- Easily become sensitive
- Weak rate of concentration
- Become lonely
- Negative feeling: hopeless, useless sense, guilt, wanting to commit suicide.
- Physical problems includes: back pain, headache, chronic pain and stomach problem.
There are no certain cause of depression. This problem is usually rooted from the merging of several factors. Following are among the possibly causes of depression:
- Psychological factors: stress from some situation or environment and certain incident (trauma).
- Genetic factor, inferiority complex, serious or chronic physical illness.