Panic disorder or PD is a type of mental illnesses which classified into anxiety disorder group. There is neuropsychological aspect in this disorder and may have relation with genetic disease (or epigenetic) based on neuropsychological facts.
PD is described as a situation of overwhelming extreme anxiety and happens suddenly, uncontrollably or unstoppably.
There are many signs of PD such as feeling like going crazy, wanting to die or feeling of loosing mind or sense, feeling like fainting and unconscious, feeling of going to have a heart attack or stroke, feeling like flying and so on.
This disease also accompanied by feeling such as suddenly wanting to cry and scream when the attack happen and then feeling want to runaway from situation when the attack happen to save him or herself.
All this symptoms will continue as the period of attack is going on. It will end in five to ten minutes of attack.
But then, it will continue to happen repeatedly. This phenomenon drives the individual to always be wary of the possibilities of another panic attack, which make them feel afraid of the attack itself and the bad consequence of the attack.
This condition makes them to be in autonomic nervous system strain which has general physical signs related to fear and anxiety.
There are various social symptoms such as afraid of certain objects or situations which are believed to can trigger panic attack or may trigger panic attack, and thus causing the person to avoid the objects or situation.
They prefer to be alone at home and will continue to isolate from any external activities which in the end will ruin their social activities.
Panic attack sparks off extreme fearful experience to the individual toward any autonomic stimulation and bad effects of the stimulation.
This drives the person’s thinking and attention to center on him or herself, wondering either he or she is still rational or otherwise after the attack.
This situation makes them to become more anxious and cautious on any possibilities of the next attack and on what change it will make on them.
Every self change will be value as negative and seen as early signs of panic attack to come. It will indirectly increase the fear of the next attack and this will eventually ends with repetitive panic attack in the vicious cycle of panic disorder. This condition finally affects the ability of the person to function as a normal and productive person.
According to neuropsychopathology perspective, PD is formed as a result of the tendency of the individual to process and evaluate information of threat. They are found to give more priority to any information that jeopardizes their security, safety and stability compared to positive or neutral form of information.
This condition does not happen among normal people. At the same time, people with PD also tend to evaluate the negative or threatening information dangerously. This syndrome also exists as a result of their inability to control and organize the way they process information related to the threat effectively. They are found to be easily fueled by inputs that contain negative emotion information.
Until now it cannot be certain what the real and concrete causes of PD are. But there are many models and approaches that try to unravel this problem and disturbance based on their own theoretical frame with good prognostic and recovery values. They consist of biological, pharmacological and psychological approaches such as psychoanalysis, behavioristic and cognitive approach.
Panic attack experience for the first time not necessarily will repeat. But for some people, this attack may repeat itself for another time.Sponsored links: