Facts on Common Skin Pigmentation Problems and The Skin

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Some facts on common skin pigmentation problem and about the skin.

Skin Pigmentation (Brown Spots)

  • A type of skin disorders.
  • Affect the color of your skin.
  • There are three common occurrences which are seborrhoeic keratoses, melasma (also known as chloasma) and skin tag;
    • Seborrhoeic keratoses – raised, skin colored or light brown spots or like a growing mole.
    • Melasma – a blotchy, brownish pigmentation, flat grey or brown spot on the skin.
    • Skin Tag – Brown or grey, soft harmless lesions that appear to hang off the skin usually at armpit and neck.
  • Pigmentation is harmless yet it causes individual skin to look dull and dirty.
  • Treatment can be done by surgery (chemical peeling, laser resurfacing, dermabrasion, soft tissue fillers) or using cream spread.
  • Individual aging 40 year old and up have higher risk to get pigmentation.

The Human Skin

  • Skin is largest organ which weight around six pounds; skin have the role to protect muscles and human organ.
  • Skin needs three vitamins: A, C and E to remain healthy.
  • Balanced diet intake and additional nutrition is good to get healthy skin.
  • Vitamin A, C and E, selenium and zinc are antioxidants that help to repair collagen and for skin whitening.
  • Fatty acids (EFAs) are important as it forms layer that prevents skin humidity loss, important to overcome wrinkle and dry skin problem.
  • Water is important for skin humidity.
  • Human skin is divided into two major layers: dermis and epidermis .
  • Scientifically, skin regulates body temperature, stores water, fat and vitamin D.
  • Skin exposed to sunlight produce excess melanin pigment to protect from the UV emission, if excessively it will cause pigmentation.
  • Stress problem such as eczema will harm skin.


  • Skin should be washed, protected with moisturizer and sunshade cream.
  • Protect skin from sun light from 12 in the afternoon until 4 in the afternoon time.
  • Use solar protection cream with SPF15 and up.
  • If using makeup, use cosmetics with sunlight protection protector SPF15 and up.
  • Do not smoke and stay away from cigarette smoke.
  • Use moisturizing cream to prevent skin dryness.
  • Sunlight containing UV radiation will accelerate the aging and pigmentation processes, so avoid exposing skin to the sunlight for too long.
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