Sunlight, Genetic Factor the Causes of Skin Pigmentation Disorders

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Skin pigmentation disorders is a kind of harmless skin disease but its presence causes facial skin of someone looks unwell, besides affecting the individual appearance.

Skin pigmentation in community understanding falls into two types which are:

  • Skin discoloration (flat brown spot on skin layer or seeds like, small growth on the skin), pigmentation problems are like melasma, freckles or solar lentigines.
  • Skin blemishes or growth are like seborrhoeic keratoses (black spot that arise like mole, sprouted in clusters or colonies), actinic keratoses and skin tag (excess skin in brown or black color) usually grew on the neck, face and gap armpit.

Although skin pigmentation is pertained as a skin disease, it does not raise any harm except if the methods of treatment and material used are not suitable or the physical act on the pigmented skin vicinity such as pinching and pulling that able to cause wound, bleeding, and suppurate the areas with problem.

Discolorations around lips.
Discolorations around lips,an
example of discoloration.

There are several factors that cause skin to become pigmented, which are the impact of sunlight and genetic factor. Medications recruitment like contraceptive pills also could cause higher potential for skin pigmentation.

Usually pigmentation attack middle-aged women, the 40 years up. But it is not impossible for early 20s group also facing this problem because pigmentation also could be cause by genetic factor.

Women exposed to sunlight, are facing higher risk of skin pigmentation. In fact, pigmentation problems also have been detected to be caused from the recruitment of drugs like contraceptive pills, amiodarone, bleomycine, chloroquine, antibiotics like minocydine and others.

Pigmentation can be treated whether by using applying medicines to problematic skin or physically through certain operative technique. Treatment suitability is dependant on the type of pigmentation.

For growth type pigmentation problems like seborrhoeic keratoses, actinic keratoses and skin tag, physical therapy is the best way where as cream usage is not suitable.

Seborrho keratoses can be treated with physical therapy using electrocautery which is a cautery device that produce heat to destroy the brown spot cluster, or by Cryotherapy treatment using liquid nitrogen, or by surgical laser treatment.

As the treatment for melasma, cream spreads like hydroquinone cream, cream from the combination hydroquinone, tretinoin and steroid, isotrenoin cream and chemical exfoliation are used.

Melasma often attacks women because apart from exposure to sunlight and genetic factor, melasma also caused by pregnancy or contraceptive pill recruitment.

Melasma, which is pigmentation of grey or black coloured flat spots under the skin layer, usually can be treated by treatment cream, but there are also deep and thick pigmentation that may require physical therapy to get a more favorable outcome.

To tackle pigmentation disorder problem, women are suggested to be more sensitive of their skin care including taking preventive measure by using sunshade cream if they are doing outdoor activities besides getting doctor references to identify causes and to have appropriate treatment.

The older the individual the more pigments arise on the skin. Although pigmentation is a skin disease, it is harmless and not life-threatening. But for older peoples who are facing serious pigmentation problem, they are suggested to see their doctor because it is worried that it is not an ordinary pigmentation but a form of skin cancer.

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